Current Affairs For Preparing Government Jobs 20 June 2017
Current Affairs 20th June 2017
- 71st country to ratify UN TIR Convention – India
- World Refugee Day 2017 observed globally on – 20th June 2017
- Syrian refugee Muzoon Almellehan appointed as – Goodwill Ambassador
- First Afghanistan-India air corridor inaugurated by – Afghan President
71st country to ratify UN TIR Convention – India
India has become the 71st country to ratify the United Nations International Convention on Road Transports (TIR) that will help to boost trade and regional integration across South Asia and beyond, fast-tracking the region’s potential to become a strategic trade hub.
TIR is the global standard for goods customs transit managed and developed by International Road Transport Union (IRU). Speaking on India’s acceptance of the body, IRU Secretary General Umberto de Pretto said that he is happy to welcome India into the TIR family of nations and it is an important step to harmonize standards, boost transport, trade and development across the South Asia.
The accession to the TIR Convention is part of India’s multi-modal transport strategy focusing towards the integration of its economy with global and regional production networks through better connectivity. China is the 70th country to ratify the convention. It did so on 6th July 2016.
- TIR will be helping India to integrate with Thailand, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Bhutan and Nepal.
- It will be an added advantage enabling India to move cargo along the International North-South Transport Corridor through Chabahar port in Iran to access the land-locked Afghanistan and the energy-rich Europe-Asian region.
- The convention will come into effect in six months in India and IRU will start work with Indian partners on development,training and outreach efforts to facilitate prompt implementation.
- This convention is important for both in economic and financial terms.
World Refugee Day 2017 observed globally on – 20th June 2017
The World Refugee Day was observed across the world on 20th June 2017 to mark the courage, strength and perseverance of millions of refugees. The Day also commemorates a key moment for the public to show support to families which are forced to flee for their lives each day. The UN Refugee Agency launched the #WithRefugees petition in June 2016 sending a message to governments to work together and do their fair share for refugees.
Do you know?
The United Nations General Assembly decided on 4th December 2000 to observe the World Refugee Day on 20th June every year.
Syrian refugee Muzoon Almellehan appointed as – Goodwill Ambassador
- United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) announced the appointment of Muzoon Almellehan, a 19-year-old education activist and Syrian refugee, as its newest and youngest Goodwill Ambassador on 19th June 2017.
- This appointment makes Muzoon Almellehan the first person with official refugee status to become an Ambassador for UNICEF.
- Muzoon Almellehan fled the conflict in 2013 in Syria along with her family.
- She was a refugee in Jordan for three years before being resettled in the United Kingdom.
- It was during her 18 months in the Za’atari refugee camp in Jordan that she began advocating for children’s access to education, especially for girls.
- The United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund was created by the United Nations General Assembly on 11th December 1946.
- It was created to provide emergency food and healthcare to children in countries that had been devastated during World War II.
- The Polish physician Ludwik Rajchman,first chairman from 1946 is widely regarded as the founder of UNICEF.
- The organisation relies mainly on contributions from private donors and governments.
- UNICEF’s programs emphasize to develop community-level services to promote children’s well-being and health.
- Refugee children are five times more likely to be out of school than their non-refugee peers.
- Girls affected by conflicts are 2.5 times more likely to be out of school than boys.
Do you know?
UNICEF was awarded with the Nobel Peace Prize in 1965 and the Prince of Asturias Award of Concord in 2006.
First Afghanistan-India air corridor inaugurated by – Afghan President
- Taking ahead the bilateral relations between Afghanistan and India, the Afghan President Ashraf Ghani on 19th June 2017 inaugurated the first Afghanistan-India air corridor. The corridor inaugurated at the Kabul International Airport is a direct route bypassing Pakistan. This corridor will be improving the commerce in Afghanistan.
- On the occasion, Ghani said that the route aims to create more opportunities and make Afghanistan an exporter country. Sediqullah Mujadedi adviser of Afghan President stated that Afghan agricultural products will head to India on cargo planes for the first time.
- In addition to that Mujadedi also said that the first India-bound flight included 60 tonnes of natural plants on 19th June. The second flight will carry 40 tonnes of dry fruits, which will be sent from Afghanistan’s southern Kandahar province. Afghanistan is a mountainous landlocked country and all imports and exports are dependent on neighboring countries.
- Relations between Kabul and Islamabad have become strained over accusations of harboring militants.
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi thanked Afghan President for the initiative. In a tweet, he said, the direct connectivity between Afghanistan and India will usher prosperity.